The Role of Women Representatives in Kenya

One of the questions people ask is what is the role of Women Representatives in Kenya? Yet, not everyone is a fan of the women representatives. They have been labelled inept, complacent and ‘flower girls’ for male MPs in parliament.

To others, they are wasting taxpayers money and they do not understand their roles in parliament. But what do women representatives do?

the position of women representatives in Kenya

Article 97 of the Kenyan Constitution creates the position of women representatives. It stipulates in section (1) (b) that the membership of the National Assembly consists of,

Forty-seven women, each elected by the registered voters of the counties, each county constituting a single member constituency.

Women representatives are the outcome of the two-thirds gender law that aims at increasing the representation of women in parliament. The Constitution refers to this law several times.

The Constitution under article 100 classifies women as a special interest group. Article 27 (3) guarantees them equal treatment, including the right to equal opportunity, in the political sphere. Article 27 (6) stipulates that,

To give full effect to the realization of the rights guaranteed under this Article, the State shall take legislative and other measures, including affirmative action programmes and policies designed to redress any disadvantage suffered by individuals or groups because of past discrimination.

Article 27 (7) says any measure taken under clause (6) should adequately provide for any benefits to be based on genuine need.

Article 27 (8) also stipulates the following–

In addition to the measures contemplated in clause (6), the State shall take legislative and other measures to implement the principle that not more than two-thirds of the members of elective or appointive bodies shall be of the same gender.

Article 81 on the general principles of the electoral system says in section (b) that,

Not more than two-thirds of the members of elective public bodies shall be of the same gender.

Therefore, since they represent women, the correct way to refer to them in the singular is “Women’s Representative” or “Woman County Representative” since they represent the county, and not ‘Woman Representative’.

The role of women representatives in Kenya

Each of the 47 counties has an elected women’s representative at the National Assembly. The public sees them as completely different from other MPs. However, they are all similar based on their functions.

The only difference is that the role of women representatives goes beyond that of other MPs. That is why the Constitution created special positions for them in parliament.

Women representatives represent the women, whom the Constitution recognizes as a marginalised group (Article 100).

Women representatives should promote the interests of women and girls within their counties and the country at large. This role involves coming up with laws and policies that specifically target women and girls. Through parliament, they should lobby and advocate for equity and equal opportunities for women and girls.

They should sponsor and engage in bills, motions, resolutions, and/or notices that aim to redress any disadvantage suffered by women and girls because of past or present discrimination. These laws should also work towards improving the status of women and girls to bridge the gap of gender inequality.

The other role of women representatives in Kenya is to receive and act on petitions from the public on matters that relate to (discrimination of) women and girls.

Women Representatives in Kenya also have a role to play in mobilizing residents in their counties to identify projects that women and girls can benefit from. They should influence the national government to include these projects in the budget. Furthermore, they can utilize the role of parliament in the budget process to allocate money for these projects.

In addition, they should establish oversight mechanisms to ensure that the national government implements these projects. In doing so, they should promote prudent use of public resources and ensure that the projects reach the target population. Their oversight will also ensure the projects have a lasting outcome and impact on the beneficiaries (women and girls).

The role of women representatives in Kenya guarantees equality for women

However, the role of women representatives in Kenya should not (necessarily) involve providing or meeting immediate needs for women and girls. That’s not what the law intended.

It is not the work of women representatives to provide or donate sanitary towels or to drill boreholes.


They should advocate and work for long-term policy interventions to find solutions to challenges facing women and girls. Using the above example, rather than donate sanitary pads, they should have the government provide them for all school-going girls.

By playing their role efficiently, women representatives can promote gender equality and equity.

Their role does not also include the management of funds. Parliament budgets for the Affirmative Action Social Development Fund for women representatives. It is similar to the Constituency Development Fund.

Ventures which this fund caters for include helping the recuperation of sexual and sex-based brutality survivors. Others are supporting the youth who have dropped out of school, vagrants and vulnerable kids, and nurturing youngsters.

However, legislators should not perform executive functions, such as management of funds. Their role is oversight and managing funds and playing oversight at the same time leads to a conflict of interest.

The Kenyan Constitution emphasises the separation of powers between the organs of national and county governments. Therefore, lawmakers should not perform any executive functions such as management and implementation of funds.

Women Representatives in Kenya complement the elected and nominated female MPs. The position of women representatives increases the number of women in parliament. However, the figure is still below the 33% required by law where no more than two-thirds of the MPs should be of the same gender.

The other roles of women representatives in Kenya as Members of Parliament are in Article 95 of the Constitution. The roles include budgeting (allocation, expenditure and oversight of national revenue), determining the conduct of State officers, overseeing state organs, and approving declarations of war and states of emergency.

In short, the function and role of women representatives in Kenya is the representation, legislation and oversight (and budget allocation).

Women representatives serve for a fixed term of five years, but they are eligible for re-election as many times as possible since there are no term limits for MPs in Kenya.

How to Measure the Performance of Women Representatives

First, look at their contributions during plenary sessions (through the Hansard) in Parliament and also their contributions to parliamentary committee meetings. The Hansard Recordings are easier to get (from but the committee reports are difficult to obtain because Kenya’s committees are very opaque.

The contributions can be in terms of how many times they have spoken before the house (and the important points they have raised) the bills and motions they have sponsored, et cetera.

Mzalendo’s website (at more information about the Women Representatives (and other MPs), including their profiles.

Can a man contest for the position of women’s representative in Kenya?

The answer is NO. A man cannot contest for the position of a women’s representative. It is a position meant exclusively for women.

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About githinji

I love writing content that is insightful and informative. The articles I write have a common #1 goal: Keeping it as simple as possible for users to understand the content.Read More

25 thoughts on “The Role of Women Representatives in Kenya”

  1. Women always play many roles in the community and they are free to share what they have in their earth so we must respect them coz if not them where would man be? So let respect and appreciate them.

  2. The role of women representatives in Kenya is to make a bad system worse, by introducing new laws that are even worse than the despicable old ones, and by drumming them through on a gender platform. I have in Kenya seen good female politicians (Martha Karua) and top civil servants/executives (Dorothy Angote, Sicily Kariuki), but never good female MPs.

  3. I read the piece.. but still convinced that we don’t need county MPs..That’s why I voted against this futuristic constitution.

  4. Do not be discouraged women! You can’t believe the things that they will say about you. You keep doing the work you were called to do. Women are caring for the community and are often willing to share power much more efficiently than males, who are often driven by their ego. Males compete and vie for dominance, even when they try to band together in coalition. Perhaps women are part of the long Randell defeat of the endless tribal wars.

  5. Hello Githinji. By next year April, I will be 35yrs. I have a burning desire to be The Next women’s rep in my county. kindly give me the qualifications for this post.

  6. Thank you Mr Githinji. This is a very informative info. I would wish to vie for women’s rep in my county as a private candidate. How do I go about it?

  7. Thanks Githinji for a great article! This has assisted me to understand fully the roles of the women rep! I would also like to know if there is another way the women can bring development to the whole society other than projecting to women and girls?

  8. Thanks Githinji this was good work it was helpful to me.

    • Unfortunately, you cannot. It is a position created specifically for women in the constitution. Only women can express their interest for the position as candidates.

  9. The government have to think of a boychild…forgotten by society and government that’s why they are in the streets.

  10. Hi George thanks for the wonderful article. I wish to produce a newsletter for the office of the Women rep in my county, will your permit me to use the content in this article.


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