JavaScript is disabled in your browser. Click here to continue

Functions of the National Police Service in Kenya

The Functions of the National Police Service in Kenya

Article 243 of the Constitution establishes the National Police Service in Kenya. The creation of the National Police Service is provided for further by the National Police Service Act and the National Police Service Commission Act.

The National Police Service is a national service and should function throughout Kenya.

The functions of the National Police Service in Kenya

The objectives and functions of the National Police Service are under Article 244 of the Kenyan Constitution. The National Police Service should–

  • strive for the highest standards of professionalism and discipline among its members;
  • prevent corruption and promote and practise transparency and accountability;
  • comply with constitutional standards of human rights and fundamental freedoms;
  • train staff to the highest possible standards of competence and integrity and to respect human rights and fundamental freedoms and dignity; and
  • foster and promote relationships with the broader society.

Composition of the National Police Service in Kenya

The membership of the National Police Service in Kenya consists of the:

  • Kenya Police Service,
  • Administrative Police Service and
  • Directorate of Criminal Investigations (DCI).

The Command of the National Police Service in Kenya is as follows:

  • the National Police Service is under the independent command of the Inspector General of Police.
  • the Kenya Police Service (KPS), the Administrative Police Service (APS) and the Directorate of Criminal Investigations (DCI) are each headed by a Deputy Inspector General.

The website of the National Police Service is at nationalpolice.go.ke.


The Kenya Police Service

The composition, roles and functions of the Kenya police are stipulated in the National Police Service Act.

Composition of the Kenya Police Service

The Kenya Police Service should consist of the ranks set forth in the First Schedule of the National Police Service Act. The Kenya police ranks in Kenya are as follows:

  1. Inspector-General.
  2. Deputy Inspector-General.
  3. Senior Assistant Inspector-General.
  4. Assistant Inspector-General.
  5. Senior Superintendent.
  6. Superintendent.
  7. Assistant Superintendent.
  8. Chief Inspector.
  9. Inspector.
  10. Senior Sergeant.
  11. Sergeant.
  12. Corporal.
  13. Constable.

The Cabinet Secretary responsible for matters relating to the National Police Service may, on the advice of the Inspector General, by order published in the Gazette, amend the First Schedule.

The Cabinet Secretary should not amend the ranks of the Inspector-General or the Deputy Inspector-General.

Functions of the Kenya Police Service

The functions of the Kenya Police Service should be the—

  • provision of assistance to the public when in need;
  • maintenance of law and order;
  • preservation of peace;
  • protection of life and property;
  • investigation of crimes;
  • collection of criminal intelligence;
  • prevention and detection of crime;
  • the apprehension of offenders;
  • enforcement of all laws and regulations with which it is charged; and
  • performance of any other duties that may be prescribed by the Inspector-General under the National Police Service Act or any other written law from time to time.

The website of the Kenya Police Service is at kenyapolice.go.ke.


the Administration Police Service in Kenya

The composition, roles and functions of the Administration Police Service are stipulated in the National Police Service Act.

Composition of the Administration Police Service

The Administration Police Service should consist of the ranks set out in the
First Schedule of the National Police Service Act. The administrative police ranks in Kenya are as follows:

  1. Inspector-General.
  2. Deputy Inspector-General.
  3. Senior Assistant Inspector-General.
  4. Assistant Inspector-General.
  5. Senior Superintendent.
  6. Superintendent.
  7. Assistant Superintendent.
  8. Chief Inspector.
  9. Inspector.
  10. Senior Sergeant.
  11. Sergeant.
  12. Corporal.
  13. Constable.

The Cabinet Secretary responsible for matters relating to the National Police Service may, on the advice of the National Police Service Commission, from time to time, by Order published in the Gazette, amend the Schedule.

Functions of the Administration Police Service

The functions of the Administration Police Service should be the—

  • provision of assistance to the public when in need;
  • maintenance of law and order;
  • preservation of peace;
  • protection of life and property;
  • provision of border patrol and border security;
  • provision of specialized stock theft prevention services;
  • protection of Government property, vital installations and strategic points as may be directed by the Inspector-General;
  • rendering of support to Government agencies in the enforcement of administrative functions and the exercise of lawful duties;
  • co-ordinating with complementing Government agencies in conflict management and peacebuilding;
  • the apprehension of offenders;
  • performance of any other duties that may be prescribed by the Inspector-General under the National Police Service Act or any other written law from time to time.

the Directorate of Criminal Investigations in Kenya

The Directorate of Criminal Investigations is under the direction, command and control of the Inspector-General of Police.

Functions of the Directorate Of Criminal Investigations

The functions of the Directorate Of Criminal Investigations should be to—

  • collect and provide criminal intelligence;
  • undertake investigations on serious crimes including homicide, narcotic crimes, human trafficking, money laundering, terrorism, economic crimes, piracy, organized crime, and cybercrime among others;
  • maintain law and order;
  • detect and prevent crime;
  • apprehend offenders;
  • maintain criminal records;
  • conduct forensic analysis;
  • execute the directions given to the Inspector-General by the Director of Public Prosecutions pursuant to Article 157 (4) of the Constitution;
  • co-ordinate country Interpol Affairs;
  • investigate any matter that may be referred to it by the Independent Police Oversight Authority; and
  • perform any other function conferred on it by any other written law.

The Directorate of Criminal Investigation’s website is at cid.go.ke.

For more about the National Police Service, see the National Police Service Act.

Would you like to contribute to the production of this content? Kindly visit our support page.

Reproducing this content without explicit permission from the author is strictly prohibited. See our License Terms.

My Profile Picture
About githinji

I love writing content that is insightful and informative. The articles I write have a common #1 goal: Keeping it as simple as possible for users to understand the content.Read More

Leave a Question, Comment or Reply

All comments are moderated and your email address will NOT be published.*

 

Hello You!

Did you enjoy this post? Sign up for our weekly digest of new articles.

No, thanks!