A Member of County Assembly (MCA) or a Ward Representative plays a crucial role in devolution. The Constitution limits the role of a Member of the County Assembly to the county level of governance.
A Member of County Assembly plays three crucial roles. These are as follows:
For anyone who wants to vie for the seat, there are qualifications for election as a Member of the County Assembly in Kenya. There are also guidelines that are a set of conditions that they must meet to qualify to vie for the seat.
A Member of the County Assembly (MCA) can serve for a term of five years and they are eligible for re-election for as many times as possible because there are no term limits for MCAs.
Qualifications for a Member of the County Assembly in Kenya
To qualify to vie for the position of the Member of the County Assembly, you must:
- be a Kenyan citizen for at least 10 years before the election;
- not hold dual citizenship (unless, according to IEBC, the citizenship of the other country has been obtained by operation of law without the capacity to opt-out);
- not owe allegiance to a foreign state;
- be a registered voter;
- be nominated by a Political Party or is an independent candidate.
- meet the statutory moral and ethical requirements under the Leadership and Integrity Act;
- not be a public officer or acting in any State of public office other than a Member of the County Assembly;
- not be an undischarged bankrupt;
- not be a person of unsound mind;
- not be subject to a sentence of imprisonment of at least six months from the date of registration of candidates or date of elections;
- not have been found to have abused or misused state or public office or contravened Chapter Six of the Constitution; and
- not have been dismissed or removed from public office for contravening the provisions of Articles 75, 76, 77 and 78 of the Constitution.
The minimum age limit to vie for the position of a member of the county assembly in Kenya is 18 years. There is no maximum age limit.
A university degree from a university recognised in Kenya is also a requirement in 2022 general elections according to Section 22 of the Elections Act (unless the law is amended before then).
Requirements for the position of a Member of the County Assembly
A party candidate, an independent candidate, or their authorised agent should submit certain documents to IEBC during the nomination process.
The candidate or their agent should submit a certified copy of a national identity card or a valid passport. The ID or passport should be the document the candidate used to register as a voter. They should also submit a passport size photograph with white background in soft (electronic) and hard (printed) copy.
If the candidate was a public officer, they should provide a letter of discharge from their employer. The letter should confirm that the candidate was not in employment six months to the general elections. This requirement does not apply to those holding other elective seats that may want to contest for the position of a Member of the County Assembly.
A party candidate should submit a nomination certificate from a fully registered political party nominating the candidate. An authorised official in the party should have duly signed the certificate.
The party or independent candidate should submit a duly signed Code of Conduct (Second Schedule of the Elections Act, 2011).
Commission Form 18
The candidate or their agent should submit a duly filled Commission Nomination Form 18, including:
- An original Statutory Declaration Form (Regulation 41 of the Elections (General) Regulations, 2012)
- An original Self-Declaration Form (Regulation 46 of the Elections (General) Regulations, 2012) as prescribed in the First Schedule of the Leadership and Integrity Act, 2012
- The names of a proposer and a seconder who shall be registered voters in the respective electoral area. In the case of a Party Candidate, the proposer and seconder must be members of the candidate’s party (Regulation 38(b) of the Elections (General) Regulations, 2012). In the case of an Independent Candidate, the proposer and seconder must not be members of any political party (Regulation 39(c) of the Elections (General) Regulations, 2012).
Additional requirements for independent candidates
There are a few additional requirements for independent candidates intending to vie for the position of a Member of County Assembly.
They should submit a clearance certificate from the Registrar of Political Parties. The certificate should certify that the person was not a member of any political party for the last three months before the elections. (Regulation 15(a) of the Elections (General) Regulations, 2012).
The candidate or their agent delivering a nomination application should at the same time deliver to the Constituency Returning Officer, standard A4 sheets of paper bearing the names, respective signatures and identity card numbers of five hundred voters registered in the ward, by a date set aside by IEBC.
The sheets of paper delivered above should—
- be serially numbered;
- each has at the top, in typescript, the wording at the top of Form 18; and
- be accompanied by copies of the identity cards of the voters.
They should also provide duly filled Form of Intention to Contest in the form prescribed by the election regulations. (Regulation 15(b) of the Elections (General) Regulations, 2012). In addition, the candidate should provide the symbol they intend to use during the election. IEBC should have approved the symbol in accordance with Section 32 of the Elections Act, 2011.
Lastly, the candidate should maintain a functioning office in their respective electoral area where they intend to contest. The office must be available for inspection by IEBC by a date the commission prescribes. The candidate should communicate the address, including the physical address of the office, to the commission.
Nomination Fees for MCA Position
An application for nomination for candidature at a county assembly member election should be accompanied by a non-refundable nomination fee, in banker’s draft (banker’s cheque) of—
- KES 2,500 for special interest groups, that is, the youth, women and persons with disabilities. Youth means an adult below the age of 35 years;
- KES 5,000 for any other candidate.